Vocational Education and Training (VET) enables students to acquire workplace skills through nationally recognized training described within an industry-developed training package or an accredited course. A VET qualification is issued by a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). An RTO may be a TAFE, adult and community education provider, group training company, private provider or school.
The achievement of a VET qualification signifies that a student has demonstrated competency against the skills and knowledge required to perform effectively in the workplace. VET delivered to secondary students is the same as all other VET, and the same quality standards apply.
Under the quality standards used by Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA) and the Victorian Registration and Qualifications Authority (VRQA), only RTOs may issue VET qualifications or statements of attainment. In order to comply with these arrangements, a school offering a VCE VET program can form a partnership with an RTO, or register as an RTO in its own right. Cooperative arrangements may be established between schools and RTOs for the delivery and assessment of components of a training program. A school that is not registered as an RTO but intends to deliver training must do so under the auspices of an RTO.
VET Registration and Regulation
The VRQA maintains responsibility for the regulation of RTOs that deliver training solely in Victoria. Victorian RTOs that deliver courses to international students and/or deliver courses in another Australian state or territory have their registration managed by ASQA.
Standards for Registered Training Organistations (RTOs) 2015 are available on the
ASQA website Critical standards for trainers and assessors are Standards 1.13–1.18. Compliance with the standards is a requirement for all ASQA registered training organisations and applicants seeking registration.
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Trainer and assessor competencies
To provide training that reflects current industry practice and valid assessment, an RTO’s trainers and assessors must maintain the currency of their skills and knowledge in their industry area and in vocational education and training. It is also acceptable for an appropriately qualified trainer and assessor to work with an industry expert to conduct assessment together.
- As part of the Standards, an RTO’s training and assessment may only be delivered by trainers and assessors who have:
- the vocational competencies at least to the level being delivered and assessed
- current industry skills directly relevant to the training and assessment being provided
current knowledge and skills in vocational training and learning that informs their training and assessment.
- In addition, training and assessment may only be delivered by persons who have: TAE40110 Certificate IV in Training and Assessment, or its successor, or
- a diploma or higher level qualification in adult education.
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All quality assurance requirements in relation to training delivery, assessment and certification of VET qualifications are the responsibility of RTOs. The RTO ensures all units of competency (UoC) required for a particular VET qualification are achieved to the required standard and assessed according to the specified requirements.
In all delivery options the home school is responsible for maintaining the integrity of the VCE VET program.
The following options are available for the delivery of a VET training program where VET is to be provided for students enrolled at school:
Option 1: Schools as RTOs
Schools may apply to become an RTO for the provision of VET qualifications. Schools that register to deliver training become responsible for all elements of delivery, assessment and quality assurance, as well as the awarding of qualifications and statements of attainment.
A school registered as an RTO is responsible for enrolling its students with the VCAA in the relevant certificate and UoC/Ms and for entering results on VASS when UoC/Ms have been achieved. The school is also responsible for provision of enrolment, results and other data within the VET training sector.
Option 2: School and RTO partnerships
A school in partnership with an RTO is not required to register as a training organisation, because any delivery by the school will be auspiced by the RTO.
The home school is responsible for enrolling their students with the VCAA and for entering student results on VASS according to VCAA timelines. The RTO is responsible for awarding qualifications and issuing statements of attainment for completed VET training.
School and RTO partnerships may work in the following ways:
Shared delivery: Where a school is able to provide only some of the facilities and training required for the program, students may undertake part of their training at an RTO and the remainder of the program at their school as an auspiced program.
Delivery by the school of the whole program, under the auspices of the RTO: Schools can negotiate with an RTO to deliver the program, where the school can demonstrate access to suitable staffing and resources. The RTO may also auspice the school to gather evidence for assessment or to conduct assessment of the components delivered by the school.
Delivery at the school by the RTO: Schools can negotiate for an RTO to provide on-site training for students at the school.
Undertaking VET on-site at an RTO: A school may arrange for an RTO to deliver and assess the entire program. This may be a TAFE or private RTO. Students travel to the RTO and undertake the training delivered by RTO staff, using RTO facilities.
Delivery in the workplace: Schools and RTOs may arrange for delivery of training and assessment to occur in the workplace. Some elements of units of competency may be best delivered and assessed in the workplace. This may be facilitated through SWL arrangements or projects.
VET clusters: Clusters allow participating schools to improve the provision of VET programs as schools share facilities and staff expertise. Increased numbers of students provide viable class sizes. With a cluster arrangement students from one school may attend another school auspiced by an RTO to undertake their training. Alternatively a school or other training provider registered as an RTO may auspice other schools or provide training to students.
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Government schools requiring information on the contractual arrangements needed for the delivery of VET programs should refer to
DET purchasing advice
Non-government schools should refer to the
Catholic Education Commission Victoria (CECV) or
Independent Schools Victoria for advice.