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Information for Parents

Why do students do NAPLAN tests?

The National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) assesses literacy and numeracy skills that are essential for every child to progress through school and life. Students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 participate in the annual NAPLAN tests in reading, writing, language conventions (spelling, grammar and punctuation) and numeracy.

The tests provide parents and schools with an understanding of how individual students are performing at the time of the tests. NAPLAN tests are just one aspect of a school’s assessment and reporting process; they do not replace ongoing assessments made by teachers about student performance.

NAPLAN tests also provide schools, education authorities and governments with information about how education programs are working and whether young Australians are meeting important educational outcomes in literacy and numeracy.

How can I help my child prepare for NAPLAN?

NAPLAN assesses literacy and numeracy skills that students are learning through their regular classroom activities. As such excessive preparation or coaching is not required. You can help your child prepare for NAPLAN by reassuring them that the tests are just one part of their school program, and by reminding them on the day to simply try their best. NAPLAN is not about passing or failing, but about assessing learning progress. See the NAPLAN website for examples of the test.

Participation in NAPLAN

All students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 are expected to participate in the annual NAPLAN tests.

If your child regularly utilises adjustments in their classroom, it may be possible for these to be used. Where applicable you are encouraged to discuss the use of disability adjustments for your child with your child’s teacher.

A formal exemption may be granted for a student with significant intellectual disability and/or significant coexisting conditions, or for a student who has recently arrived in Australia and has a non-english speaking background. Your school can give you more information on disability adjustments or the process required to gain a formal exemption.

Will my child sit NAPLAN on paper or online?

Children in some schools across Australia will sit the NAPLAN tests online this year. Federal, state and territory education ministers have agreed that NAPLAN will move online over the next two to three years. State and territory education authorities will determine when their schools move online. NAPLAN Online uses an adaptive test design, which presents questions that better match student achievement levels and provide more precise results for teachers and schools.

Unless you receive specific advice from your school, your child will be sitting the NAPLAN tests on paper in 2021.

To find out more about NAPLAN Online, visit

What if my child is absent from school on test days?

Where possible, schools are encouraged to arrange for individual students who are absent at the time of testing to complete missed tests at another time during the testing week. The 2021 test timetable can be found on the NAPLAN Test Timetable page.

Please note the facilitation of catch up test for individual student are up to schools’ discretion.

How is my child's performance measured?

A NAPLAN report will be issued by your school in term 3. If you do not receive a report, you should contact your school.

Individual student performance is shown on a national achievement scale for each test.

How are NAPLAN test results used?

Students and parents may use individual results to discuss progress with teachers. Teachers use results to help them better identify students who require greater challenges or additional support. Schools use results to identify strengths and weaknesses in teaching programs and to set goals in literacy and numeracy. School systems use results to review programs and support offered to schools.

The community can see school NAPLAN results at

Where can I get more information?

For more information about NAPLAN, contact your child’s school.

NAPLAN Collection Notice and Privacy Policy

Personal information about children and their parents/carers is collected by the VCAA as part of the administration in Victoria of the National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN). This information is collected on behalf of ACARA and in order to enable the VCAA to provide individual student reports to Victorian students.

ACARA’s privacy notice is here, which sets out the purposes for which information related to the administration of the NAPLAN tests is collected and the conditions under which it is collected.

In addition, the VCAA may provide a student’s VSN and NAPLAN test results to any school previously attended, and any school the student attends after the NAPLAN test, in order to both improve learning outcomes for the particular student and improve teaching outcomes at the student's current school, and any school they attended before or attend after the NAPLAN test.

Further information about NAPLAN is available on the VCAA’s website.

View the VCAA Privacy Policy.

View full collection notice.

NAPLAN Information for Parents and Carers Brochure (2021)

The NAPLAN information for parents and carers brochure provides information specifically for parents and carers.

NAPLAN on paper - information for parents and carers (pdf - 178.83kb)

NAPLAN Online - information for parents and carers (pdf - 147.63kb)

The NAPLAN information for parents and carers brochure is also available in the following languages:

Paper test

Arabic (pdf - 137kb)

Bosnian (pdf - 175.47kb)

Chinese (Mandarin) (pdf - 172.06kb)

Traditional Chinese (pdf - 239.55kb)

Dari (pdf - 152.2kb)

Filipino (pdf - 158.34kb)

Hindi (pdf - 187.71kb)

Khmer (pdf - 199.18kb)

Persian (pdf - 169.9kb)

Pujabi (pdf - 472.77kb)

Samoan (pdf - 172.57kb)

Serbian (pdf - 218.55kb)

Sinhalese (pdf - 282.27kb)

Somali (pdf - 173.66kb)

Spanish (pdf - 158.12kb)

Turkish (pdf - 153.09kb)

Vietnamese (pdf - 126.34kb)

Online test:

Arabic (pdf - 123.8kb)

Bosnian (pdf - 122.16kb)

Chinese (Mandarin) (pdf - 174.65kb)

Traditional Chinese (pdf - 200.43kb)

Dari (pdf - 177.74kb)

Filipino (pdf - 105.52kb)

Hindi (pdf - 188.43kb)

Khmer (pdf - 164.99kb)

Persian (pdf - 175.93kb)

Punjabi (pdf - 99.39kb)

Samoan (pdf - 121.48kb)

Serbian (pdf - 154.08kb)

Sinhalese (pdf - 260.51kb)

Somali (pdf - 121.27kb)

Spanish (pdf - 112.26kb)

Turkish (pdf - 117.19kb)

Vietnamese (pdf - 114.1kb)

Individual Student Report NAPLAN 2021 Brochure

Individual Student Report - NAPLAN 2021 (pdf - 256.08kb)

The Individual Student Report brochure provides information about how to read Individual Student Reports.

Individual Student Report brochure is also available in the following languages:

Arabic (pdf - 284.43kb)

Bosnian (pdf - 260.53kb)

Chinese Simplified (pdf - 558.22kb)

Chinese Traditional (pdf - 365.14kb)

Dari (pdf - 276.37kb)

Filipino (pdf - 265.27kb)

Hindi (pdf - 333.68kb)

Khmer (pdf - 343.62kb)

Persian (pdf - 269.28kb)

Punjabi (pdf - 319.66kb)

Samoan (pdf - 265.17kb)

Serbian (pdf - 259.39kb)

Sinhalese (pdf - 332.86kb)

Somali (pdf - 277.45kb)

Spanish (pdf - 265.5kb)

Turkish (pdf - 265.35kb)

Vietnamese (pdf - 264.43kb)