To effectively manage multiple careers that balance different forms of work with other priorities and interests, a young person needs to develop a specific set of knowledge, skills and attributes. These all relate to the three key areas of career development outlined below. These areas should be viewed as inter-related; and are generally developed concurrently rather than separately. They can be developed in all areas of a school’s curriculum and extra-curricular programs.
To learn more about career education skills and attributes, explore these areas:
Students need to understand their own skills, strengths, interests and values to make more informed decisions for their future. Many of the employability skills essential for managing careers over a lifetime relate to self-development. They include teamwork, communication skills and flexibility, as well as building resilience and maintaining a positive self-concept.
- Identify your interests, skills, strengths and values
- Understand what affects self-concept and maintain a positive one
- Understand your interactions with others
- Identify areas for potential growth.
- Use communication skills to interact positively and effectively with others
- Show leadership and work well in teams.
- Understand that learning new skills and knowledge provides opportunities throughout life
- Develop strategies that support your learning needs and preferences
- Participate in lifelong learning supportive of career goals.
- Adapt flexibly to change and grow throughout life
- Understand that change is normal
- Develop strategies for dealing with change.
- Understand the impact of how people dress, behave and communicate in different settings and for different purposes
- Dress, behave and communicate in ways that will enhance opportunities for work and life.
Students need accurate information about all the possible options for future work. This includes information about current and future labour market trends locally and beyond the local area. Identifying industries and jobs that are best suited to specific skills and interests and identifying different pathways to similar jobs informs good decision-making. Experiencing the work place through work experience, volunteering or paid work, or developing practical skills, such as barista courses or interview practice, also provides insight for future decision-making about future work.
- Research the different pathways available in education and training to achieve a qualification
- Explore beyond the obvious work and job roles in any industry to find options that will inspire you.
- Use technology and communication skills to connect with others, build your networks and find information
- Use technology effectively to research, organise and integrate career information.
- Learn to “see” work in the world around you
- Understand the relationship between work, society and the economy
- Learn about the personal and career benefits of all types of work – eg volunteering, entrepreneurial behaviours, supporting a cause.
- Use research skills to explore labour market trends and opportunities
- Investigate opportunities in career growth areas
- Access people with experience and expertise to provide up to date information relevant to your needs.
- Use initiative and enterprise skills to identify and engage in activities that will provide insight into the world of work
- Recognise and/or create opportunities to expand your networks and experience the world of work.
Students who can use insight gained from self-development and career exploration to make informed decisions about their future options will be better able to effectively build and manage their careers over a lifetime. Predicting possible challenges or recognising setbacks and being able to deal with them supports the career building process and assists with career and life transitions.
- Develop an enterprising mindset to create personalised ways of finding information and developing skills
- Learn to take informed risks.
- Think critically and creatively to make career enhancing decisions
- Use problem-solving skills to generate alternative pathways and solutions
- Be able to evaluate information and options in accordance with your values, needs and interests
- Understand how to access information that you need and use it effectively and confidently.
- Use organisational and self-management skills to secure, create and maintain work
- Use problem-solving, creative and critical thinking skills to manage the career-building process
- Develop good goal-setting and planning skills
- Develop practical skills that assist in gaining work experience and building networks – eg barista skills, white card, volunteer work.
- Use self-reflection to develop areas of potential growth into strengths
- Use appropriate career planning tools, such as an e-portfolio, to support ongoing research and planning.
- Use organisational and time management skills to maintain balanced life and work roles.
- Understand the changing nature of life and work roles
- Plan for change, and develop strategies for dealing with unexpected changes.
Career Education Key Skills and Attributes Overview (A3)
All teachers contribute to students’ development of these skills and attributes.