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Victorian Curriculum -

Victorian Curriculum F-10 logo 

Introducing the curriculum

Science provides an empirical way of answering interesting and important questions about the biological, physical and technological world. Science is a dynamic, collaborative and creative human endeavour arising from our curiosity and our desire to make sense of our world by exploring the unknown, investigating universal mysteries, making predictions and solving problems. Science knowledge is contestable and is revised, refined and extended as new evidence arises.

The Science curriculum has two interrelated strands: Science Understanding and Science Inquiry Skills. Together, the two strands of the science curriculum provide students with understanding, knowledge and skills through which they can develop a scientific view of the world.

Six key concepts underpin learning in the Science Understanding strand, support key aspects of the Science Inquiry Skills strand and contribute to developing students' appreciation of the nature of science:

  • Patterns, order and organisation

  • Form and function

  • Stability and change

  • Scale and measurement

  • Matter and energy

  • Systems

From Foundation to Level 2, students learn that observations can be organised to reveal patterns, and that these patterns can be used to make predictions about natural phenomena. Over Levels 3 to 6, students develop their understanding of a range of living and non-living systems operating at different time and geographic scales. These concepts are expanded at Levels 7 and 10 where students move from an understanding of structures at macroscopic levels to an exploration of what happens at microscopic and atomic scales and how systems at a range of scales are shaped by flows of energy and matter as well as by interactions due to various forces. At these levels, students develop the ability to quantify changes and relative amounts.

The Science curriculum provides opportunities for students to develop an understanding of important scientific concepts and processes, the practices used to develop scientific knowledge, the contribution of science to our culture and society, and its applications in our lives. The curriculum supports students to develop the scientific knowledge, understandings and skills to make informed decisions about local, national and global issues and to participate, if they so wish, in science-related careers.


To view the Science curriculum, please visit the Victorian Curriculum F–10 website.


A PowerPoint presentation outlining the key components of the Science curriculum is available:

Introducing Science (pptx - 322.29kb)

Contact us

Maria James, Curriculum Manager
(03) 9032 1722​