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​​Got a question – Frequently asked questions


What do I have to do to be awarded the VCE?

Refer to the Where to Now? publication (VCE section) for details.

How is the ATAR calculated? How are subjects scaled?

The Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (ATAR) is calculated by the Victorian Tertiary Admissions Centre (VTAC) from your study scores.

For more information on the ATAR, see the 'ABC of Scaling' published by VTAC under their website's Publications section.

For more information on the following please visit Victorian Tertiary Admissions Centre (VTAC)

  • ATAR
  • Scaling (including the current Scaling Report)
  • Primary four
  • Increments
  • Special Entry Access Schemes (SEAS) (including Year 12 Special Consideration)
  • Aggregate scores
  • Tertiary offers (including change of preferences)
  • University places

The Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA) is not responsible for any of the above.

What must I include in my VCE program?

To earn your VCE, you must satisfactorily complete at least 16 units.

Regardless of how many units you do altogether, you must satisfactorily complete:

  1. At least three units from the English group listed below:
    • Foundation English Units 1 and 2
    • English Units 1 to 4
    • Bridging English Units 1 and 2
    • English as an Additional Language (EAL) Units 3 and 4
    • English Language Units 1 to 4
    • Literature Units 1 to 4
    At least one of these units must be at Unit 3 or 4 level. However, VTAC advises that for the calculation of the ATAR, students must satisfactorily complete both Unit 3 and Unit 4 of an English sequence.
  2. Three sequences of Unit 3 and 4 studies in addition to the sequence chosen from the English group. These sequences can be from VCE studies and/or VCE VET programs.

If you intend to apply for tertiary entrance at the end of your VCE, you need to be aware that the Victorian Tertiary Admissions Centre has additional requirements for the calculation of the ATAR.

Talk to your VCE Coordinator or visit Victorian Tertiary Admissions Centre (VTAC) for more information.

(Note, this link will take you out of the VCAA website to a site not maintained or funded by the VCAA.)

How many subjects do I have to study each year?

The VCAA does not prescribe a minimum number of subjects/units that students have to study each year. You can take as long as you need to complete the VCE.

What are the attendance requirements for the VCE??

All VCE units require 50 hours of class time. You need to attend sufficient class time to complete work. Your school sets minimum class time and attendance rules.

You can find more information on the attendance requirements under the 'Administrative Information: Students' section of the VCE and VCAL Administrative Handbook.

What is a study score?

A study score shows how well you have performed in a study at Unit 3 and 4 level, compared to everybody else in Victoria who took that study. Study scores calculated by the VCAA will be used by the Victorian Tertiary Admissions Centre (VTAC) to calculate the ATAR.

The maximum study score is 50. Each year, and for every study, the mean study score is set at 30. A score of between 23 and 37 shows that you are in the middle range of students; a score of 38 or more indicates that you are in the top 15%.

For studies with large enrolments (1,000 or more):

  • 2% of students will get a score on or above 45
  • 9% of students will get a score on or above 40
  • 26% of students will get a score on or above 35
  • 53% of students will get a score on or above 30
  • 78% of students will get a score on or above 25
  • 93% of students will get a score on or above 20.

How can I earn a study score?

At Unit 3 and 4 level, there are three Graded Assessments for each study, consisting of School-assessed Coursework (SACs), School-assessed Tasks (SATs) and examinations.

VCE VET subjects that have scored assessment have two Graded Assessments.

The Graded Assessments are different for each study and contribute towards the study score in different ways. If you complete at least two Graded Assessments, and have satisfactorily completed both unit 3 and 4, you will be awarded a study score.

You can find a list of Graded Assessments for every study in 'Report Results: Score aggregation' section of the VCE and VCAL Administrative Handbook.

How is the study score calculated?

To calculate the study score, the VCAA combines the standardised scores for each of your Graded Assessments. Each graded assessment in a study contributes a specific percentage, or weighting, to the final study score.

Once the scores have been standardised, weighted and totalled your total score is compared with the scores of all other students in that study and then converted to a score out of 50.

For more information on the calculation of the study score, read 'Reporting Results: Score aggregation' in the VCE and VCAL Administrative Handbook.

How does the GAT affect my VCE results?

The General Achievement Test (GAT) is an important part of the VCE assessment procedures.

Although GAT results do not count directly towards a student’s VCE results, they play an important role in checking that school assessments and examinations have been accurately assessed.

Read how the GAT relates to school coursework and examinations for more information.

If a student applies for a Derived Examination Score the GAT is used in determining this derived score. Therefore students should attempt to score as high as possible on all parts of the GAT.

Achievement on the GAT is a good predictor of achievement on other assessments. If students have done well on the GAT, then their achievements are likely to be high in their school assessments and examinations.

I am transferring into the VCE from interstate/overseas. Can I still earn the VCE?

You need to complete 16 units to be awarded the VCE. If you are transferring into year 11 or 12 you may need to apply for your interstate or overseas studies to be credited towards your VCE to help you reach 16 units.

Your school can apply for credit for the VCE on your behalf. Ask your VCE coordinator about what to do next.

How can I find out which schools/providers teach particular VCE subjects?

You can find out which schools and providers offer which subjects by using the Schools and Studies Search.



Can a student do VET programs as part of their VCE and get satisfactory completion?

Yes. VCE VET programs are unitised for inclusion in the VCE and therefore offer credit at Units 1 and 2 level and Units 3 and 4 level. Not all VCE VET programs contain a Units 3 and 4 sequence for recognition purposes. VCE VET units will contribute to satisfactory completion:

  • For levels of recognition
  • Counted in the minimum 16 units

How many VCE VET programs can a student do in their VCE?

Up to 13 units of the minimum 16 units for satisfactory completion may come from VET. This includes:

What is block credit?

Students who have completed or are completing training in nationally recognised VET or Further Education qualification/s can apply for credit towards their VCE. Students apply for block credit when their area of training is not included in the list of approved VCE VET and School-based Apprenticeship and Traineeship programs.

For more information refer to the Block Credit Recognition page on the VCAA website.

If a student is enrolled in a VET program, and the program changes, what happens?

VCAA publish transition advice for all approved program change. On many occassions students who enrolled in the previous program will complete the old program and new students will enrol in the new program. Where students are required to transition to a new progrm immediately, the VCAA provides details regarding credit and qualification completion.

If a student doesn't complete all of Units 1 and 2 or Units 3 and 4, do they get any credits?

Accrual of VCE VET units is based on completion of units of competency and is calculated on the basis of the nominal hours attached to these units of competency.

Can a student get recognition of previous studies for a VCE VET program?

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) is generally not offered within VCE VET as very few students will have had the experience necessary to prove prior learning. Where a teacher judges that a student is ready to be assessed for a unit of competency without undertaking the formal training component, the assessment is carried out according to the training package/curriculum requirements.

Are there prerequisites for VET programs?

This varies from program to program. There are prerequisites within some VCE VET programs, i.e. some Units 1 and 2 need to be completed before Units 3 and 4. In addition, many training packages have core units which must be completed first.

If a school isn't running a VET program, what are the options for a student?

Students may undertake training at any Registered Training Organisation (RTO). They must ensure that evidence of enrolment and completion is given to their home school so that they can be enrolled on Victorian Assessment Software System (VASS).

For more information on delivery arrangements, visit: VET Registration and Delivery

How many VCE units is a VET program worth?

Each VET program has its own entitlement worth. Look in the program booklet/extact for each VCE VET program to find out how many VCE units a VET program is worth.

Do all VET programs have a Units 3 and 4 sequence?

All VCE VET programs include at least one qualification, with some VCE VET programs offering a variety of qualifications. In addition, all VCE VET programs include at least one qualification with a 3 and 4 sequence. All VCE VET programs offer a Unit 1 and 2 credit, except for VCE VET Cisco. Credit arrangements are outlined in the relevant VCE VET program booklet/extract.

Can you do a Units 3 and 4 sequence without doing Units 1 and 2?

VET programs are intended to be completed as entire certificates and consequently the Units 3 and 4 sequences are not designed as a stand alone study. Many programs have prerequisites in Units 1 and 2 which must be completed prior to the Units 3 and 4 sequence.

In addition, a student who completes only the Units 3 and 4 sequence will be disadvantaged in the assessment of competence if they have not undertaken the training in the units of competency in VCE VET Units 1 and 2. In some programs, VASS will not allow you to enrol students in just Units 3 and 4.

Do any VET programs attract a study score?

Yes, there are fifteen enrolment options for VCE VET programs which have access to a study score. They are equal in all respects to any other VCE program. Other VCE VET programs are being considered for future scored assessment.

Are there exams in VET?

Yes, VCE VET Programs that have a study score component have either a 90 minute written exam or a performance exam at the end of the year.

Who assesses the students doing VET?

VET programs are assessed by qualified assessors who are employed by or auspiced by the RTO.

If a student undertakes a VCE study and a similar VCE VET program, does this affect his/her entitlements?

Duplication between VCE VET programs and other VCE subjects or VCE VET programs is considered at the time of program development. Details of duplication are provided in the VCE VET program booklet for each program and may result in a reduced number of VCE credits granted. This does not affect the issuing of the VET qualification.

Does a VET course attract an ATAR?

Yes, programs with a Units 3 and 4 sequence attract either:

  • For programs with Scored Assessment - a study score
  • For programs without Scored Assessment - an increment based on 10% of the average of the primary four study scores.

What is an ATAR increment? How is it calculated?

The increment is 10% of the average of the primary four study scores.

What other organisations provide VET information?